Percussion instrument for the realization of complex rhythmic accompaniment patterns, characteristic of jazz combos, groupings of modern rhythms and pop music groups. The emergence of the instrument results from the invention, at the end of the nineteenth century, of several types of pedals for playing percussion instruments and other soundproofing equipment in theaters and its consequent adoption for the execution of the bombo and cymbals suspended at the same time as the practice of other percussion instruments with the hands. The battery is, therefore, constituted by bombo, snare drum and suspended cymbals, to which are added, according to the taste of the interpreter or in agreement with the style of music played, other auxiliary instruments. The instrument, with the simplified composition described above, was already used in the 1920s in jazz ensembles. Among the various auxiliary instruments chosen by the performers in the last century – among which are woodblocks, rattles, agogos, horns, sirens, whips, jazz washboards, gongs, shakers and other exotic instruments – two have established themselves as components of the nuclear battery: the three toms (roto-toms, timbales) and the shock cymbal; Also increased the use of several suspended cymbals, of variable sizes (appearing generally among the idiophones directly impacted of the battery the cymbals “splash”, “crash” and “ride”). For the performance of the instrument, the instrumentalist uses sticks / “brooms” / pots of different types.
J. Bradford Robinson, “Drum kit” in Stanley Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Macmillan, 2001.