History – Banda Filarmónica do Faial

In the circle of a significant increase to the regional philharmonic movement in the end of the XIX century, was based, on December 1, 1895, the Filarmónica Recreio União Faialense (Banda Filarmónica do Faial), by initiative of Joaquim Francisco de Freitas, his first artistic director, and João Xavier de Freitas, and with the helpful cooperation of Júlio Teixeira, Manuel Marques Barcelos and, especially, Dr. João Albino Rodrigues de Sousa – doctor, landowner, industrial and political, second Treasurer of the General Council of the District – and again Dr. João Catanho de Meneses – Portuguese lawyer and statesman, with a notable political exercise in the last decades of the Constitutional Monarchy and the First Republic. Although the period of initial activity is unknown, it is well known that the mentors of the Faial harmony celebrated, on February 21, 1897, “apprenticeship contract” for one year with Sergeant Musician Frederico Jose Dellanave (1872 -?): this document, signed by the notary Jacinto da Silva Meneses, with sanction of Judge Carlos João de Sousa, and other similar contracts concluded, at 20.09.1896, 18.10.1897 and 07.10.1903 between the Filarmónica União de São Jorge and the teachers Manuel Francisco de Gouveia, Jaime Augusto de Sousa and Francisco Gomes are unique and invaluable sources for the understanding of artistic methodologies, administrative and financial functions and the social condition of the performers and apprentices of the regional community harmonies of the late 18th century. century and early nineteenth. Concerning the organization of Filarmónica Recreio União Faialense, presumably conceived by Rodrigues de Sousa, it was determined in the document that Frederico Jose Dellanave was committed to “teaching of (…) the art of the music (. ..) for (…) martial harmony “to about 20 apprentices, in six days of the week (every day, except Sunday) for a year, should” use all his zeal and solicitude for his advance “and provide , at his own expense, the “paper and music necessary for the organization of harmony” winning, monthly, 15 thousand reis: in fact, the non-compliance with these obligations, should compensate the company in the amount of 50 one thousand to a hundred thousand reis, lose all rights over “all the music (…) [provided] to the society”, reference that would guarantee the easiest substitution of the regent; beyond the end of the contract with the contracted master, the company lost possession of this repertoire, if it did not conform to the roles of the “apprenticeship contract”. Defined instrument by the master, each performer should advance with the importance for the purchase of his instrument, lose the right to be compensated for these expenses if he left the company, unless being called to the service military; death, it appears that the amount spent would be paid to his dependents or family members. The performer should also attend rehearsals at the time of the Ave-marias (probably at 18:00) three times a week and contribute with 100 reps, a percentage of the amounts that would be received for each function [sacred or profane]. The management and the protecting partners of the community are responsible for maintaining the teacher’s salary, the running costs of the community and ensuring the facilities and the respective payment of water and light amounts: we know, in this respect, that At the beginning of the 20th century, the Catanho de Menezes family gave to the newly created community an old mill on the Bairro dos Moinhos site (Sítio das Covas?) for classes and rehearsals. (The “apprenticeship contract” was renewed safely: Dellanave, resident, at the time of the celebration of the professional commitment, in the Street das Pretas, parish of Sé, will have moved to the Faial, and he still resided in 1898 to Faial, the year he baptized his daughter.)
Frederico Dellanave’s successful work and rapid learning and competence on the twenty apprentices, most of whom are farmers, reports on the performance of the Filarmónica Recreio Instrução Faialense, five months later, at a religious festival in São Roque do Faial, reported in the Diário de Notícias of 18 July 1897.

The regency of the Filarmónica Recreio Instrução Faialense took place in the first half of the twentieth century, the musical sergeants Gualberto, João da Costa Ramiro, Ângelo Serrão, Manuel [do] Nascimento [Cruz?], João de Freitas Mendonca (c.1924) , João Pinto Oliveira Rocha (+1955) and Professors Crisóstomo [Teixeira] do Livramento (+ 1964) and António Augusto de Freitas. The activity of the community in religious festivals, popular festivals and civic events is documented in several regional journals and photographic recordings: then was noticed in the press, in addition to local presentations, the performance of harmony from the Faial to the Place de la Constitution in June 1902; the reception at Major Sarsfield in 1904 and his participation, with five other regional harmonies in the Feast of the Blessed Sacrament in Câmara de Lobos in 1909 and, in 1919, in the Chapel of Livramento (Monte), which affirms the artistic quality of the group musical in the first decades of the nineteenth century; under the artistic direction of João de Freitas Mendonça, “famous local artist”, the Filarmónica Recreio Instrução Faialense provided in 1924 its musical service in the Feast of the Immaculate Conception in the Parish Church of the Faial, and to this end, the Christmas following, it was announced in the press that the members of the Faial harmony – similar to other regional harmonies – aiming to form an orchestra, “to accompany the choirs in the interior of the temples”; ten years later, in mid-August, the Faial harmony visited Porto Santo, having performed several public concerts during the summer period; the next year participated, with the harmonies of Machico and Santa Cruz, in the special manifestations of joy by the inauguration of the road branch of the City of Machico in Portela and participated again in the festivities in honor of Portuguese sailors, providing entertainment at the popular festival held on June 24 at the market. From 1935 there is still a photographic recording of the União Faialense at Pico Ruivo, within walking distance to the festivity for the Curral das Freiras. Finally, it should be noted that the community took part in other local ephemeris by the return of renowned emigrants, such as the festivities of welcome of JF da Silva, on March 14, 1948. In 1958 wrote the writer of Voz da Madeira:

Made up of a staff of 20 interpreters and 15 apprentices, (…) [the] harmony [Filarmónica Recreio União Faialense] receives no official allowance and lives exclusively from the personal effort of amateurs and performers and the generosity of the people of the Faial whom he resorts to when he shatters his maintenance and existence. The performers and apprentices are exclusively workers in agriculture. It is fair to underline the dedication of Ms. José Gonçalves Valente, President of the General Assembly, José Silva, President of the Directorate, Avelino Gomes, Secretary, Álvaro Mendonça, Treasurer, Joaquim Candelária, Manuel Filipe, etc. (…) in Porto da Cruz, also has many friends including Ms. Dr. Simão de Sousa, António de Sousa Alcides de Oliveira, Gregório Rodrigues (…). This harmony has gone through prosperous periods of decomposition. A few years ago during the regency of the aspiring Sergeant Musician Oliveira Rocha, marked this institution a place of choice between the congeneric harmonies.

For these years, since at least 1957, has assumed the artistic direction of the harmony of the Faial Sergeant Musician Ulisses Teixeira, which in 1965 would be replaced by Sergeant Musician Raul Serrão – who then distinguished himself as regent of the Filarmónica União Calhetense (1958-1962) and Banda Nova da Ribeira Brava (1862-1865). In 1968, Sergeant Musician Camacho was appointed conductor of the community.
Celebrated the Filarmónica Recreio União Faialense its 75th anniversary under the chairmanship of the parish priest, Father Isidro Rodrigues, realizing, on December 6, 1970, solemn mass and fraternization lunch, which attended the Mayor of Santana, Manuel Mateus Lourenço de Gouveia , directors, implementers and friends of the community. From the middle to the end of the 1970s, was artistic director of the harmony the musician of Faial Manuel Jose Esteves, that in this association had begun his musical formation and that after 1981 is established with merit like teacher of clarinet of the Conservatory of Madeira Music. He succeeded Sergeant Tito, Sergeant Gonçalves and the professor of Faial Agostinho to the Regency of Harmony.
On July 21, 1987, António Carlos de Freitas Candelária, Rui Emanuel of Sousa de Abreu and José de Nóbrega, registered the artistic association, with its statutory regulations and with new denomination – Orchestra of Harmony of the Faial -, in the Office Notarial and Protest of Letters of Funchal. On October 18 of this year, the governing bodies, musicians and associates of the harmony, and at his invitation, members of the Regional Government, the Santana City Council and the Faial Parish Council paid tribute to the “tireless leader” Joaquim Freitas Candelária Júnior (1897-1989), and for this occasion the prize “Joaquim Candelária” was established, to help regional community harmonies; Manuel José Esteves, previous artistic director, dedicated a work to the distinguished director, who was offered in this tribute and who was realized on the following Regional Meeting of Harmony Orchestras.
In 1988, those mentioned above took office: António Candelária, President of the Directorate, Rui Abreu, Vice President, José de Nóbrega, Treasurer and Arnaldo Teixeira, President of the General Assembly. Under the presidency of António Candelária, which lasted until the early years of the new century, such a directive body has guaranteed essential financial support from the Regional Government, through the Secretariat of Tourism and Culture and the Regional Directorate of Cultural Affairs, Santana Town Hall and the House of the People for the continuation of the activity of the harmony of the Faial, having managed to endow the association of new instrument and its own head office, in the building of the old slaughterhouse, in the Sítio da Pedreira. On the other hand, José Carlos Teixeira, who in 1989 took the regency of the harmony of the Faial and the orientation of his School of Music, developed a remarkable artistic work, to make it grow, in seven years, the number from twelve to thirty instrumentalists, highlighting, in this regard, the inscription of several women (which had contributed to the encouragement of the priest of the parish of Faial, Father Ramos).
On occasion of the Centenary of the Foundation, the Faial Harmony Orchestra has moved, in exchange with Sociedade Recreativa Filarmónica Lira of Nossa Senhora da Saúde – Arrifes, on the Island of São Miguel, Azores, for a a series of seven concerts, with the support of the INATEL sections of the two Autonomous Regions. Again as part of the celebrations of the Ephemeris, was coined commemorative medal and a phonographic recording was recorded of the Centennial Concert of the Foundation. Two new digressions carried out the harmony of the Faial in 2001: in Lisbon, to have cheered the final of the Portuguese Cup in the Stadium of Jamor; and in Venezuela, where he performed for the resident Madeira community.
The constant work of its artistic and administrative directors, associates and friends has resulted in a recent and supportive growth of the community’s workforce and its remarkable artistic improvement: in 2006 counted harmony with twenty-five elements and a school music coordinated by two monitors; twelve years later, the Faial Harmony Orchestra is made up of forty performers, with fifteen apprentices enrolled in the music school. Under the artistic direction of Nuno Alexandre Nóbrega, the Faial Harmony Orchestra frequently attends religious festivals in several parishes of the Island; in the festivities of the Municipality of Porto da Cruz, and in the festivities of the end of the year and Feast of the Flower, in Funchal; and in concerts in the Meeting of Harmonies and in several municipalities of the Autonomous Region.

Bibliography
Baptismal Seat of Frederico [José] Dellanave, Parish of São Pedro, 1872.04.14, Book 1376, f. 24.
Wedding Seating by Frederico Della Nave and Augusta da Conceição, São Pedro Parish, 1863, Book 1326, ff. 10-10v.
Baptism Seat of Óscar Dellanave, Parish of Sé, 1895.06.16, Book 6417-A, ff. 26v-27.
Baptismal Seat of Maria Dellanave, Parish of the Faial, 1895.01.26, Book 8310, ff. 5v-6. [in this register, forfeiture, the father’s first name, Frederico, was entered as Francisco].
Wedding seats by José António Dellanave and Augusta da Conceição, São Pedro Parish, 1863, Book 1401, ff. 17-18.
Siege of Baptism of Alfredo Dellanave, Parish of São Pedro, 1867.09.15, Book 1371, f. 46.
Seat of Baptism of Jose Dellanave, Parish of São Pedro, 1868.11.15, Book 1372, ff. 55v-56.
Baptismal Seat of Josefina Dellanave, Parish of São Pedro, 1871.01.13, Book 1375, f. 7.
Baptismal Seat of Júlia Dellanave, Parish of São Pedro, 1879.06.06, Book 1383, f. 40.
Wedding seats by João de Freitas de Mendonça and Albina Augusta de Freitas, Faial Parish, 1907, Book 8337-A, ff. 6V-7.
Wedding Seating by João Pinto de Oliveira Rocha and Aldice da Silva Relva, C.C. Funchal, 1930.02.27, Book 61, ff. 64-64v.
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Jornal da Madeira, 29/11/1970, p. 12.
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http://juntafreguesiafaialmadeira.blogspot.com/2006/03/banda-filarmnica-do-faial.html
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Vítor Sardinha & Rui Camacho, [Banda Filarmónica do Faial], Xarabanda Revista, 2008, p. 12.
Ana Ventura, “DELLANAVE, José António”. In Dicionário Online de Músicos na Madeira. Funchal: Divisão de Investigação e Documentação, Gabinete Coordenador de Educação Artística, atualizado em 19/09/2012.
Ana Ventura, “DELLANAVE, Frederico José”. In Dicionário Online de Músicos na Madeira. Funchal: Divisão de Investigação e Documentação, Gabinete Coordenador de Educação Artística, atualizado em 19/09/2012.
João E. D. Franco, Bandas Filarmónicas Portuguesas, 2011, Ancorensis, p. 790.

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